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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: lis.zou.ac.zw:8080/dspace /handle/0/386

Title: Predicting the spatial determinants of human -elephant conflict in Hwange District
Authors: Madzimure, Farai
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: This study predicted the spatial determinants of human-elephant conflict in Victoria Falls town, Hwange West communal area and the resettlement areas of Don Rovin, Mubiya and Kalala. The study covered an elephant range of 4377km2. The non-experimental quantitative research design was adopted for the study. Garmin GPS receiver, digitizing and observation instruments were employed for collecting human-elephant conflict location data and spatial factors. Overlay analysis was used to combine human-elephant conflict location data with the distance maps of predictive spatial factors in ILWIS. Logistic regression was used to relate human-elephant conflict data and distance values of predictive factors in SPSS. In Victoria Falls town, results indicated that human-elephant conflict probability could be predicted significantly using distance from the park boundary and settlements. Distance from the forest and elephants routes significantly explained human-elephant conflict in the communal area of Hwange West. Humanelephant conflict was significantly related with distance from the forest in the Resettlement areas. These results suggest that the most important predictor of human-elephant conflict on this particular landscape is distance from protected areas. Implementation of effective conflict resolution strategies for the three areas requires stakeholders to take cognisance of the spatial factors which are related to human-elephant conflict. In Victoria Falls town, results imply that if elephants and humans are to co-exist with minimal conflict, there is need for land use planners to focus on developing mitigatory measures which deter elephants to move freely from the park to the residential areas. A deterrent method such as the installation of electric fence around Victoria Falls town has a great potential of preventing elephants from entering settlements and minimising human-elephant conflict. Such an approach is critical as results indicated that distance from the park boundary significantly predict human-elephant conflict in Victoria Falls town. Alternatively, town planners can consider vertical expansion of the built up area to prevent encroaching into the park. For Hwange communal and resettlement areas, land use planners should prevent settlement patterns that leave crop fields vulnerable to crop raiding. In Hwange communal area, planning the position of fences and other human-elephant conflict measures should consider the position of elephant routes. Alternatively, land use planners can consider allocating land to other uses besides settlements and agriculture. Integrating the spatial determinants of human-elephant conflict with land use planning has a great potential of offering permanent solutions to the conflict problem. Further research should be conducted on monitoring elephant movement patterns in the area using satellite linked GPS collars. This information can enhance our understanding of the routes used by elephants when they move around the settlements. This enhances our understanding of how elephants interact with spatial human land use and natural factors. Such information is crucial in designing effective human-elephant conflict resolution measures.
License: http://www.oceandocs.org/license
URI: lis.zou.ac.zw:8080/dspace /handle/0/386
Appears in Collections:Master of Philosophy (M.Phil) and Doctor of Philosophy (D.Phil)Theses

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